So you just finished writing this super awesome shell script, now the question is “How do I run it?”. There are many ways you can run a shell script. You can run a script locally, run a local script on a remote server via ssh, or you can copy and run it directly on a remote server.
But wait, did you know there is another option?! You can run a script directly on a remote server “over the air.” Let’s dig in.
This method is commonly used to install command line applications.
When installing a new command on the command line, you’ll typically grab a one line installation command. That command simply downloads a shell script and runs it. The shell script, which you generally never see, is what really installs the application, not some simple one line installation command. Take a look at Rclone’s one liner
curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash. If you peak at their install.sh script you’ll see it’s doing clever things like checking what your computer platform is, which compression utilities are installed, and then the logic for actually installing Rclone.
This isn’t just a good way to install something, it can be used for any script!
As long as the script is safe and trusted, you can absolutely use this method to run any shell script on any computer without any prerequisites. The script should be smart enough so that it’s not accidentally run on a system it’s not compatible with, or bail if a prerequisite is not meet.
Supporting script arguments and short links.
I’m going to show you how to run my migrations script, which is bundled within CaptainCore toolkit, directly without having to install CaptainCore. The script file is located here: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/CaptainCore/captaincore-cli/master/lib/remote-scripts/migrate. In order keep this simple I setup a redirection rule so we can use https://captaincore.io/run/migrate instead.
With Curl we need to use the argument
-L to follow the redirection shortcut. The migration script also requires arguments. In order to properly pass arguments to the script we need to add
bash -s and the scripts arguments. Otherwise our script arguments would accidentally get passed to bash itself which will not work.
Migrating a site to Kinsta using a remote script.
This one liner will perform a site migration using CaptainCore’s migration script. This works great with Kinsta’s SSH using
screen -R as a background process. The variable
$url simply needs to be a public accessible backup snapshot. Warning this will overwrite the current Kinsta WordPress website and it not tested with other WordPress web hosts.
curl -L https://captaincore.io/run/migrate | bash -s -- --url="$url" --update-urls
Few other examples from the CaptainCore toolkit.
Reset default file and folder permissions
curl -L https://captaincore.io/run/reset-permissions | bash -s
Convert MyISAM database tables to InnoDB
curl -L https://captaincore.io/run/db-convert-to-innodb | bash -s
Launches WordPress site by updating URL from dev to live, enabling search engine and clearing cache. Change or set variables
$site to be the site name and
$domain to be the domain you wish to use for your live WordPress site.
curl -L https://captaincore.io/run/launch | bash -s -- --site=$site --domain=$domain